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Welcome Year 13

Welcome Year 13 Sociology Students.

This site has been created to allow you to access all the information you need in the lead up to your exams.

All of the lessons you have completed over the last two years are accessible here. The text book scans, past paper questions and exemplar answers.

If you complete practice questions, please email me your completed work to parsonss@harriscrystalpalace.org.uk Similarly, if you have any questions or concerns please get in touch.

Intervention will take place every Tuesday at 4PM in B238 or B237, please check the website for details on what we will be covering on a weekly basis.

We expect you to be revising Sociology from now until your exams at least one hour a day. There are plenty of resources available here to keep you occupied.

Please refer to the articles pages on current debates on recent topics and films which serve important relevance to you studies on particular topics.

Revision across topics

Often sociology exam questions will ask you to cross compare topics in the same section. For example- childhood with family structures.

Please use the tables attached for each section of the papers to help strengthen your understanding of the links between each topic.

Social Policy

Please find an updated lesson on social policy to help you with the table given to you in class.

We did the table last year in class, this is something you can dig out for your revision, you can also use the following websites to help you:

You can use the major political parties websites. (labour/ lib dem / conservatives)
http://www.gov.uk (department for work and pensions/ home office)
http://www.childcommissioner.gov.uk
http://www.ondivorce.co.uk
http://www.gingerbread.co.uk
http://www.familyandchildcaretrust.org
http://www.crae.org.uk (childrens alliance)

MARX lesson

Please plan the essay attached- using the slides from class today to help you and the following brilliant articles on Marx’s universal and timeless influence!

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/apr/20/yanis-varoufakis-marx-crisis-communist-manifesto

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/apr/20/yanis-varoufakis-marx-crisis-communist-manifesto

Why are British prisons failing?

Prisons in England and Wales are in their worst state for 10 years, with increasing violence, the chief prison’s inspector has said in an annual report.

Nick Hardwick said the use of legal highs was fuelling violence, while inmate deaths and self-harming were rising, and staff attacks were also up.Some prisons were “places of violence, squalor and idleness”, he added.Prisons Minister Andrew Selous said he wanted to create a prison system “that effectively rehabilitates prisoners”. Since 2005, prisons have been assessed on levels of safety, respect, purposeful activity among inmates and resettlement.

The report – Mr Hardwick’s last before leaving his post – gave prisons in England and Wales their lowest overall grade since those measurements started being compiled.It suggested the “most alarming” feature was the “accelerating increase in serious assaults”, with the number of prison murders also at its highest level since records began.


Analysis:Nick Hardwick will leave his post in January after five-and-a-half years

By Danny Shaw, BBC home affairs correspondentGovernment ministers don’t like prison inspectors to comment on their policies: ministers believe the watchdog should stick to monitoring prison conditions and making recommendations.But Nick Hardwick – whose five-year term as chief inspector hasn’t been renewed – can’t hold back any longer.He blames much of the deterioration in jail safety on decisions made by the government since 2010 including; scaling back the prison regime, reforming the incentives and privileges scheme, cutting staff by almost a third. Mr Hardwick says he has met Michael Gove, the new Justice Secretary, and told him that resources simply don’t match the size of the population. The alternatives are stark. Reduce the number who are imprisoned, or increase the money available .Given the austerity programme and the Conservatives’ traditional approach to law and order, neither seems very likely.


Last year, 239 men and women died in prison – 29% higher than in 2010-11 and a 6% increase from last year – National Offenders Management Service (NOMS) data shows.

The figures suggested self-harm among male prisoners had “risen steadily over the past five years”, with the 18,995 incidents recorded last year – a third higher than 2010.

Assaults on prison staff also increased to 3,637 in 2014 – an increase of 28% from 2010.

Mr Hardwick said his assessment of prison environments were “consistent” with the NOMS figures.

“More prisoners were murdered, killed themselves, self-harmed and were victims of assaults than five years ago. There were more serious assaults and the number of assaults and serious assaults against staff also rose,” he said.

‘Squalid cells’

There were not enough resources available to cope with the size of the prison population – which had increased to 87,000 – Mr Hardwick said.

Yet between March 2010 and December 2014 the number of full-time staff in public sector jails had dropped by 29% from 45,080 to 32,100, he said.

“It can’t go on like this,” said Mr Hardwick. “Prisons can’t be immune from the language of priorities.”


A typical week in the prisons

  • Four to five prisoners die
  • One or two self-inflicted deaths
  • 500 self-harm incidents
  • More than 300 assaults
  • 40 serious assaults, often using a blunt instrument or blade as a weapon
  • 70 assaults on staff, including nine serious attacks.

Source: Safety in Custody Statistics from Ministry of Justice quarterly update


The inspector also criticised a lack of rehabilitation of prisoners, despite government promises of a “rehabilitation revolution”.

“It is hard to imagine anything less likely to rehabilitate prisoners than days spent mostly lying on their bunks in squalid cells watching daytime TV.

“For too many prisoners, this was the reality and the ‘rehabilitation revolution’ had yet to start,” he added.

Mr Hardwick said he had spoken to Justice Secretary Michael Gove about the problems, adding: “The ball is in the Secretary of State’s court and he needs to respond to that.”

Prisons minister Mr Selous said: “The safety of our staff as they deliver secure prison regimes is our priority and we are tackling dangerous new psychoactive substances to help drive down the number of assaults and violent incidents.

“Our prisons must punish those who break the law, but they should also be places where offenders can redeem themselves.”

Juliet Lyon, director of the Prison Reform Trust, said it was “no mystery that violence, self-harm and suicide rise when you overcrowd prisons, reduce staff by almost one-third, cut time out of cell and purposeful activity”.

The report does not include prisons in Scotland or Northern Ireland, where services are run under devolved powers.

Green Crime

Check out Client Earth: an international charity law firm which specialises in holding companies and governments accountable for violating the earth’s resources

https://www.clientearth.org/what-we-do/

Global Attempts to encourage governments to agree on change:

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/dec/13/uk-bids-to-host-2020-un-climate-change-summit

Agri business is also a major Green Crime : docs such as Cowspiracy unleash the crimes that meat farming is against animals and it’s effect on the planet:

An inconvenient truth is another exposing documentary if you can get hold of it:

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCofBYPYJUBwDnpkbYlcHhvQ

Right or left realist?

As a class we created our own questionnaires and answered them to find out if our class is majority Right realist or Left realist. Here are the results, see if you can gauge left or right?

  1. Should 16 year olds who commit murder be charged as adults?

100% said YES

2. Should the death penalty be legal in UK?

60% said YES 40% said NO

3. Should a person’s past serve as a mitigating factor for their crimes?

30% said YES 70% said NO

4. What do you think the main cause of crime is?

10% said opportunity

30% said poor socialisation

70% said OTHER (choice and upbringing)

5. Do you think punishments are harsh enough?

100% said NO

6. What would you change?

Drug laws

Jury

Sexual assault crime increased charge

Homes given more support

7. Do you think crime is being tackled effectively at the moment?

90% said NO

10% said yes to an extent

8. What do you think the causes of crimes are?

lack of guidance from the police and fear/ mistrust of the police.

Police are not harsh enough on some serious crimes, for example; corporate crime, murder and too harsh on drug crime.

9. Do you think it is irrational to commit crime or is it inevitable for some people?

50% said crime is inevitable

50% said crime is irrational- life gives you choices and you can choose what we make of ourselves

10. Do you believe as a society we should spend more money on rehabilitation in prisons?

10% said YES

90% said NO

11. Do you think reinforcing the zero tolerance policy will be beneficial for society?

90% said YES

10% said NO

12. Should we increase the amount of cctv and street lighting in deprived areas?

100% said YES

13. How many warnings should an offender get before enforcing the zero tolerance policy?

50% said 0

50% said 1

14. If the council was to establish youth club in the local area, how often do you think your child would attend?

80% said NEVER

20% said SOMETIMES

15. Do more children commit crime?

90% said YES

10% said NO

16. Do you think that offenders should get a second chance?

80% said NO

20% said YES depending on the crime – minor crimes.

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